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Union Budget 2023

The Highlights of Major
Announcements of the Budget.

The Union Minister of Finance and Corporate Affairs Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman
presented the Union Budget 2023-24 in Parliament on 1st February 2023. The
highlights of the Budget are as follows:

  • Per capita income has more than doubled to Rs. 1.97 lakh in around nine years.
  • Indian economy has increased in size from being 10th to 5th largest in the world
    in the past nine years.
  • EPFO membership has more than doubled to 27 crore. 7,400 crore digital
    payments of ₹126 lakh crore has taken place through UPI in 2022.
  • 11.7 crore household toilets constructed under Swachh Bharat Mission.
  • 9.6 crore LPG connections provided under Ujjwala.
  • 220 crore covid vaccination of 102 crore persons.
  • 47.8 crore PM Jan Dhan bank accounts.
  • Insurance cover for 44.6 crore persons under PM Suraksha Bima and PM
    Jeevan Jyoti Yojana.
  • Cash transfer of ₹2.2 lakh crore to over 11.4 crore farmers under PM Kisan
    Samman Nidhi.
  • Seven priorities of the budget ‘Saptarishi’ are inclusive development, reaching
    the last mile, infrastructure and investment, unleashing the potential, green
    growth, youth power and financial sector.
  • Atmanirbhar Clean Plant Program with an outlay of ₹2200 crore to be launched
    to boost availability of disease-free, quality planting material for high value
    horticultural crops.
  • 157 new nursing colleges to be established in co-location with the existing 157
    medical colleges established since 2014.
  • Centre to recruit 38,800 teachers and support staff for the 740 Eklavya Model
    Residential Schools, serving 3.5 lakh tribal students over the next three years.
  • Outlay for PM Awas Yojana is being enhanced by 66% to over Rs. 79,000 crore.
  • Capital outlay of Rs. 2.40 lakh crore has been provided for the Railways, which is
    the highest ever outlay and about nine times the outlay made in 2013-14.
  • Urban Infrastructure Development Fund (UIDF) will be established through
    use of priority Sector Lending shortfall, which will be managed by the national
    Housing Bank, and will be used by public agencies to create urban infrastructure
    in Tier 2 and Tier 3 cities.
  • Entity DigiLocker to be setup for use by MSMEs, large business and charitable
    trusts to store and share documents online securely.
  • 100 labs to be setup for 5G services based application development to realize a
    new range of opportunities, business models, and employment potential.
  • 500 new ‘waste to wealth’ plants under GOBARdhan (Galvanizing Organic
    Bio-Agro Resources Dhan) scheme to be established for promoting circular
    economy at total investment of Rs 10,000 crore.
  • 5 per cent compressed biogas mandate to be introduced for all organizations
    marketing natural and bio gas. Centre to facilitate one crore farmers to adopt
    natural farming over the next three years.
  • For this, 10,000 Bio-Input Resource Centres to be set-up, creating a nationallevel distributed micro-fertilizer and pesticide manufacturing network.
  • Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana 4.0, to be launched to skill lakhs of
    youth within the next three years covering new age courses for Industry 4.0 like
    coding, AI, robotics, mechatronics, IOT, 3D printing, drones, and soft skills.
  • 30 Skill India International Centres to be set up across different States to skill
    youth for international opportunities.
  • Revamped credit guarantee scheme for MSMEs to take effect from 1st April 2023
    through infusion of Rs 9,000 crore in the corpus. This scheme would enable
    additional collateral-free guaranteed credit of Rs 2 lakh crore and also reduce the
    cost of the credit by about 1 per cent.
  • Central Processing Centre to be setup for faster response to companies through
    centralized handling of various forms filed with field offices under the Companies
  • The maximum deposit limit for Senior Citizen Savings Scheme to be enhanced
    from Rs 15 lakh to Rs 30 lakh.
  • Targeted Fiscal Deficit to be below 4.5% by 2025-26.
  • Agriculture Accelerator Fund to be set-up to encourage agri-startups by young
    entrepreneurs in rural areas.
  • To make India a global hub for ‘Shree Anna’, the Indian Institute of Millet
    Research, Hyderabad will be supported as the Centre of Excellence for sharing
    best practices, research and technologies at the international level.
  • Rs. 20 lakh crore agricultural credit targeted at animal husbandry, dairy and
    fisheries A new sub-scheme of PM Matsya Sampada Yojana with targeted
    investment of Rs. 6,000 crore to be launched to further enable activities of
    fishermen, fish vendors, and micro & small enterprises, improve value chain
    efficiencies, and expand the market.
  • Digital public infrastructure for agriculture to be built as an open source, open
    standard and inter operable public good to enable inclusive farmer centric
    solutions and support for growth of agri-tech industry and start-ups.
  • Computerisation of 63,000 Primary Agricultural Credit Societies (PACS) with
    an investment of ₹2,516 crore initiated. Massive decentralised storage capacity
    to be set up to help farmers store their produce and realize remunerative prices
    through sale at appropriate times. Sickle Cell Anaemia elimination mission to be
  • Joint public and Private Medical research to be encouraged via select ICMR labs
    for encouraging collaborative research and innovation.
  • New Programme to promote research in Pharmaceuticals to be launched.
  • Rs. 10 lakh crore capital investment, a steep increase of 33% for third year in a
    row, to enhance growth potential and job creation, crowd-in private investments,
    and provide a cushion against global headwinds.
  • Aspirational Blocks Programme covering 500 blocks launched for saturation of
    essential government services across multiple domains such as health, nutrition,
    education, agriculture, water resources, financial inclusion, skill development,
    and basic infrastructure.
  • Rs. 15,000 crore for implementation of Pradhan Mantri PVTG Development
    Mission over the next three years under the Development Action Plan for the
    Scheduled Tribes.
  • Investment of Rs. 75,000 crore, including Rs. 15,000 crore from private sources,
    for one hundred critical transport infrastructure projects, for last and first mile
    connectivity for ports, coal, steel, fertilizer, and food grains sectors.
  • New Infrastructure Finance Secretariat established to enhance opportunities for
    private investment in infrastructure.
  • District Institutes of Education and Training to be developed as vibrant institutes
    of excellence for Teachers’ Training.
  • A National Digital Library for Children and Adolescents to be set-up for
    facilitating availability of quality books across geographies, languages, genres and
    levels, and device agnostic accessibility.
  • Rs. 5,300 crore to be given as central assistance to Upper Bhadra Project to
    provide sustainable micro irrigation and filling up of surface tanks for drinking
  • ‘Bharat Shared Repository of Inscriptions’ to be set up in a digital epigraphy
    museum, with digitization of one lakh ancient inscriptions in the first stage.
  • ‘Effective Capital Expenditure’ of Centre to be Rs. 13.7 lakh crore. Continuation of
    50-year interest free loan to state governments for one more year to spur
    investment in infrastructure and to incentivize them for complementary policy
  • Encouragement to states and cities to undertake urban planning reforms and
    actions to transform our cities into ‘sustainable cities of tomorrow’.
  • Transition from manhole to machine-hole mode by enabling all cities and towns to
    undertake 100 percent mechanical desludging of septic tanks and sewers.
  • iGOT Karmayogi, an integrated online training platform, launched to provide
    continuous learning opportunities for lakhs of government employees to upgrade
    their skills and facilitate people-centric approach.
  • More than 39,000 compliances reduced and more than 3,400 legal provisions
    decriminalized to enhance Ease Of Doing Business.
  • Jan Vishwas Bill to amend 42 Central Acts have been introduced to further trustbased governance.
  • Three centres of excellence for Artificial Intelligence to be set-up in top
    educational institutions to realise the vision of “Make AI in India and Make AI
    work for India”.
  • National Data Governance Policy to be brought out to unleash innovation and
    research by start-ups and academia.
  • One stop solution for reconciliation and updation of identity and address of
    individuals to be established using DigiLocker service and Aadhaar as
    foundational identity.
  • PAN will be used as the common identifier for all digital systems of specified
    government agencies to bring in Ease of Doing Business.
  • 95 per cent of the forfeited amount relating to bid or performance security, will be
    returned to MSME’s by government and government undertakings in cases the
    MSME’s failed to execute contracts during Covid period. Result Based Financing
    to better allocate scarce resources for competing development needs.
  • Phase-3 of the E-Courts project to be launched with an outlay of Rs. 7,000 crore
    for efficient administration of justice.
  • R & D grant for Lab Grown Diamonds (LGD) sector to encourage
    indigenous production of LGD seeds and machines and to reduce import
  • Annual production of 5 MMT under Green Hydrogen Mission to be
    targeted by 2030 to facilitate transition of the economy to low carbon
    intensity and to reduce dependence on fossil fuel imports.
  • Rs. 35000 crore outlay for energy security, energy transition and net
    zero objectives.
  • Battery energy storage systems to be promoted to steer the economy on
    the sustainable development path.
  • Rs. 20,700 crore outlay provided for renewable energy grid integration
    and evacuation from Ladakh.
  • “PM Programme for Restoration, Awareness, Nourishment and Amelioration
    of Mother Earth” (PM-PRANAM) to be launched to incentivize States and
    Union Territories to promote alternative fertilizers and balanced use of chemical
  • ‘Mangrove Initiative for Shoreline Habitats & Tangible Incomes’, MISHTI, to
    be taken up for mangrove plantation along the coastline and on salt pan lands,
    through convergence between MGNREGS, CAMPA Fund and other sources.
  • Green Credit Programme to be notified under the Environment (Protection) Act
    to incentivize and mobilize additional resources for environmentally sustainable
    and responsive actions.
  • Amrit Dharohar scheme to be implemented over the next three years to
    encourage optimal use of wetlands, enhance bio-diversity, carbon stock, ecotourism opportunities and income generation for local communities.
  • A unified Skill India Digital platform to be launched for enabling demand-based
    formal skilling, linking with employers including MSMEs, and facilitating access
    to entrepreneurship schemes.
  • Direct Benefit Transfer under a pan-India National Apprenticeship Promotion
    Scheme to be rolled out to provide stipend support to 47 lakh youth in three
  • At least 50 tourist destinations to be selected through challenge mode; to be
    developed as a complete package for domestic and foreign tourists. Sector specific
    skilling and entrepreneurship development to be dovetailed to achieve the
    objectives of the ‘Dekho Apna Desh’ initiative.
  • Tourism infrastructure and amenities to be facilitated in border villages through
    the Vibrant Villages Programme.
  • States to be encouraged to set up a Unity Mall for promotion and sale of their
    own and also all others states’ ODOPs (One District, One Product), GI products
    and handicrafts.
  • National Financial Information Registry to be set up to serve as the central
    repository of financial and ancillary information for facilitating efficient flow of
    credit, promoting financial inclusion, and fostering financial stability.
  • A new legislative framework to be designed in consultation with RBI to govern
    this credit public infrastructure.
  • Financial sector regulators to carry out a comprehensive review of existing
    regulations in consultation with public and regulated entities.
  • Time limits to decide the applications under various regulations would also be
    laid down.
  • To enhance business activities in GIFT IFSC, the following measures to be taken.
  • Delegating powers under the SEZ Act to IFSCA to avoid dual regulation. Setting
    up a single window IT system for registration and approval from IFSCA, SEZ
    authorities, GSTN, RBI, SEBI and IRDAI.
  • Permitting acquisition financing by IFSC Banking Units of foreign bank.
  • Establishing a subsidiary of EXIM Bank for trade re-financing.
  • Amending IFSCA Act for statutory provisions for arbitration, ancillary services,
    and avoiding dual regulation under SEZ Act Recognizing offshore derivative
    instruments as valid contracts.
  • Amendments proposed to the Banking Regulation Act, the Banking Companies
    Act and the Reserve of India Act to improve bank governance and enhance
    investors’ protection.
  • Countries looking for digital continuity solutions would be facilitated for setting
    up of their Data Embassies in GIFT IFSC.
  • SEBI to be empowered to develop, regulate, maintain and enforce norms and
    standards for education in the National Institute of Securities Markets and to
    recognize award of degrees, diplomas and certificates.
  • Integrated IT portal to be established to enable investors to easily reclaim the
    unclaimed shares and unpaid dividends from the Investor Education and
    Protection Fund Authority.
  • To commemorate Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav, a one-time new small savings
    scheme, Mahila Samman Savings Certificate to be launched.
  • It will offer deposit facility upto Rs 2 lakh in the name of women or girls for
    tenure of 2 years (up to March 2025) at fixed interest rate of 7.5 per cent with
    partial withdrawal option.
  • The maximum deposit limit for Monthly Income Account Scheme to be enhanced
    from Rs 4.5 lakh to Rs 9 lakh for single account and from Rs 9 lakh to Rs 15 lakh
    for joint account.
  • The entire fifty-year interest free loan to states to be spent on capital expenditure
    within 2023-24.
  • Part of the loan is conditional on States increasing actual Capital expenditure and
    parts of outlay will be linked to States undertaking specific loans.
  • Fiscal Deficit of 3.5% of GSDP allowed for States of which 0.5% is tied to Power
    sector reforms.
  • The total receipts other than borrowings is Rs 24.3 lakh crore, of which the net
    tax receipts are Rs 20.9 lakh crore. The total expenditure is Rs 41.9 lakh crore, of
    which the capital expenditure is about Rs 7.3 lakh crore. The fiscal deficit is 6.4
    per cent of GDP, adhering to the Budget Estimate.
  • The total receipts other than borrowings is estimated at Rs 27.2 lakh crore and
    the total expenditure is estimated at Rs 45 lakh crore.
  • The net tax receipts are estimated at Rs 23.3 lakh crore.
  • The fiscal deficit is estimated to be 5.9 per cent of GDP.
  • To finance the fiscal deficit in 2023-24, the net market borrowings from dated
    securities are estimated at Rs 11.8 lakh crore.
  • The gross market borrowings are estimated at Rs 15.4 lakh crore.
    PART – B
  • Direct Tax proposals aim to maintain continuity and stability of taxation, further
    simplify and rationalise various provisions to reduce the compliance burden,
    promote the entrepreneurial spirit and provide tax relief to citizens.
  • Constant endeavour of the Income Tax Department to improve Tax Payers
    Services by making compliance easy and smooth.
  • To further improve tax payer services, proposal to roll out a next-generation
    Common IT Return Form for tax payer convenience, along with plans to
    strengthen the grievance redressal mechanism.
  • Rebate limit of Personal Income Tax to be increased to Rs. 7 lakh from the
    current Rs. 5 lakh in the new tax regime.
  • Thus, persons in the new tax regime, with income up to Rs. 7 lakh to not pay any
  • Tax structure in new personal income tax regime, introduced in 2020 with six
    income slabs, to change by reducing the number of slabs to five and increasing the
    tax exemption limit to Rs. 3 lakh.
  • Change to provide major relief to all tax payers in the new regime. New tax rates
    Total Income (Rs) Rate (per cent) Up to 3,00,000 – Nil From 3,00,001 to
    6,00,000 – 5% From 6,00,001 to 9,00,000 – 10% From 9,00,001 to 12,00,000 –
    15% From 12,00,001 to 15,00,000 – 20% and Above 15,00,000 – 30%.
  • Proposal to extend the benefit of standard deduction of Rs. 50,000 to salaried
    individual, and deduction from family pension up to Rs. 15,000, in the new tax
  • Highest surcharge rate to reduce from 37 per cent to 25 per cent in the new tax
    regime. This to further result in reduction of the maximum personal income tax
    rate to 39 per cent.
  • The limit for tax exemption on leave encashment on retirement of nongovernment salaried employees to increase to Rs. 25 lakh.
  • The new income tax regime to be made the default tax regime. However, citizens
    will continue to have the option to avail the benefit of the old tax regime.
  • Enhanced limits for micro enterprises and certain professionals for availing the
    benefit of presumptive taxation proposed. Increased limit to apply only in case
    the amount or aggregate of the amounts received during the year, in cash, does
    not exceed five per cent of the total gross receipts/turnover.
  • Deduction for expenditure incurred on payments made to MSMEs to be allowed
    only when payment is actually made in order to support MSMEs in timely receipt
    of payments.
  • New co-operatives that commence manufacturing activities till 31.3.2024 to get
    the benefit of a lower tax rate of 15 per cent, as presently available to new
    manufacturing companies.
  • Opportunity provided to sugar co-operatives to claim payments made to
    sugarcane farmers for the period prior to assessment year 2016-17 as
  • This expected to provide them a relief of almost Rs. 10,000 crore.
  • Provision of a higher limit of Rs. 2 lakh per member for cash deposits to and loans
    in cash by Primary Agricultural Co-operative Societies (PACS) and Primary Cooperative Agriculture and Rural Development Banks (PCARDBs).
  • A higher limit of Rs. 3 crore for TDS on cash withdrawal to be provided to cooperative societies. Date of incorporation for income tax benefits to start-ups to
    be extended from 31.03.23 to 31.3.24.
  • Proposal to provide the benefit of carry forward of losses on change of
    shareholding of start-ups from seven years of incorporation to ten years.
    Deduction from capital gains on investment in residential house under sections
    54 and 54F to be capped at Rs. 10 crore for better targeting of tax concessions
    and exemptions.
  • Proposal to limit income tax exemption from proceeds of insurance policies with
    very high value. Where aggregate of premium for life insurance policies (other
    than ULIP) issued on or after 1st April, 2023 is above Rs. 5 lakh, income from
    only those policies with aggregate premium up to Rs. 5 lakh shall be exempt.
  • Income of authorities, boards and commissions set up by statutes of the Union or
    State for the purpose of housing, development of cities, towns and villages, and
    regulating, or regulating and developing an activity or matter, proposed to be
    exempted from income tax. Minimum threshold of Rs. 10,000/- for TDS to be
    removed and taxability relating to online gaming to be clarified.
  • Proposal to provide for TDS and taxability on net winnings at the time of
    withdrawal or at the end of the financial year.
  • Conversion of gold into electronic gold receipt and vice versa not to be treated as
    capital gain.
  • TDS rate to be reduced from 30 per cent to 20 per cent on taxable portion of EPF
    withdrawal in non-PAN cases.
  • Income from Market Linked Debentures to be taxed.
  • Deployment of about 100 Joint Commissioners for disposal of small appeals in
    order to reduce the pendency of appeals at Commissioner level. Increased
    selectivity in taking up appeal cases for scrutiny of returns already received this
  • Period of tax benefits to funds relocating to IFSC, GIFT City extended till
  • Certain acts of omission of liquidators under section 276A of the Income Tax Act
    to be decriminalized with effect from 1st April, 2023.
  • Carry forward of losses on strategic disinvestment including that of IDBI Bank to
    be allowed.
  • Agniveer Fund to be provided EEE status.
  • The payment received from the Agniveer Corpus Fund by the Agniveers enrolled
    in Agnipath Scheme, 2022 proposed to be exempt from taxes.
  • Deduction in the computation of total income is proposed to be allowed to the
    Agniveer on the contribution made by him or the Central Government to his Seva
    Nidhi account.
  • Number of basic customs duty rates on goods, other than textiles and agriculture,
    reduced to 13 from 21.
  • Minor changes in the basic custom duties, cesses and surcharges on some items
    including toys, bicycles, automobiles and naphtha.
  • Excise duty exempted on GST-paid compressed bio gas contained in blended
    compressed natural gas.
  • Customs Duty on specified capital goods/machinery for manufacture of lithiumion cell for use in battery of electrically operated vehicle (EVs) extended to
    31.03.2024 Customs duty exempted on vehicles, specified automobile parts/
    components, sub-systems and tyres when imported by notified testing agencies,
    for the purpose of testing and/ or certification, subject to conditions.
  • Customs duty on camera lens and its inputs/parts for use in manufacture of
    camera module of cellular mobile phone reduced to zero and concessional duty on
    lithium-ion cells for batteries extended for another year.
  • Basic customs duty reduced on parts of open cells of TV panels to 2.5 per cent.
  • Basic customs duty on electric kitchen chimney increased to 15 per cent from 7.5
    per cent.
  • Basic customs duty on heat coil for manufacture of electric kitchen chimneys
    reduced to 15 per cent from 20 per cent.
  • Denatured ethyl alcohol used in chemical industry exempted from basic customs
  • Basic customs duty reduced on acid grade fluorspar (containing by weight more
    than 97 per cent of calcium fluoride) to 2.5 per cent from 5 per cent.
  • Basic customs duty on crude glycerin for use in manufacture of epicholorhydrin
    reduced to 2.5 per cent from 7.5 per cent.
  • Duty reduced on key inputs for domestic manufacture of shrimp feed.
  • Basic customs duty reduced on seeds used in the manufacture of lab grown
  • Duties on articles made from dore and bars of gold and platinum increased.
  • Import duty on silver dore, bars and articles increased.
  • Basic Customs Duty exemption on raw materials for manufacture of CRGO Steel,
    ferrous scrap and nickel cathode continued.
  • Concessional BCD of 2.5 per cent on copper scrap is continued.
  • Basic customs duty rate on compounded rubber increased to 25 per cent from 10
    per cent or 30 per kg whichever is lower.
  • National Calamity Contingent Duty (NCCD) on specified cigarettes revised
    upwards by about 16 per cent.
  • Customs Act, 1962 to be amended to specify a time limit of nine months from date
    of filing application for passing final order by Settlement Commission. Customs
    Tariff Act to be amended to clarify the intent and scope of provisions relating to
    Anti-Dumping Duty (ADD), Countervailing Duty (CVD), and Safeguard Measures.
  • CGST Act to be amended
  • To raise the minimum threshold of tax amount for launching
    prosecution under GST from one crore to two crore;
  • To reduce the compounding amount from the present range of 50 to
    150 per cent of tax amount to the range of 25 to 100 per cent;
  • Decriminalise certain offences; to restrict filing of returns/statements
    to a maximum period of three years from the due date of filing of the
    relevant return/statement; and
  • To enable unregistered suppliers and composition taxpayers to make
    intra-state supply of goods through E-Commerce Operators (ECOs).

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